The United Nations (UN) Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition (Firearms Protocol) is the only legally binding instrument at the global level that is specifically aimed to counter the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. The Protocol was adopted by resolution 55/255 of 31 May 2001 at the 55th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. The protocol supplements the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime. The Protocol entered into force on 3 July 2005.
The UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) is a politically binding instrument that was Adopted in July 2001 by the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in SALW in All Its Aspects. This Programme aims to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in SALW by improving national legislation, import/export controls, and stockpile management.
The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was adopted by the General Assembly of the UN in March 2013 and entered into force in December 2014 after 50 countries ratified the treaty. The ATT establishes common international standards for regulating or improving the regulation of the international trade in conventional arms (including SALW) and aims to combat the illicit trade in conventional arms and prevent their diversion.